Literature-In-English 2 (Prose)
09:30am – 10:45am
Literature-In-English 1 (Objective)
10:45am – 11:45am
Literature-In-English 3(Drama & Poetry)
2:00pm – 4:30pm
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SECTION D;Answer One(1) From This Section!!
The general mood of the persona atmosphere of the poem is relaxed and hopeful. and the poet’s attitude towards the subject matter which is love is passionate and optimistic of his relationship with his love.
At the beginning of the poem, the poet laments bitterly the life he led before he met his present love because he sees it as a waste of effort, time and energy. He describes such needless experience as childish and mere play. His past love (relationship) cannot be considered to be genuine since he was completely unaware of himself when the love was consummated. The union in question is self-sufficient and perfect than hemispheres; for it makes the lovers immortal.
It probably assumed that the persona’s former love life was in shambles and full of deceit compared to the new found love which is more perfect than life itself. The poet therefore goes further to compare himself and his beloved with the use of conceit; farfetched metaphor of “Seven sleepers den” to express that their entire life was nothing more than unconscious and meaningless life. Had they enjoy any fort of pleasures and joy, those were nothing but figment of imagination. The poet opens up his heart in the praise of his beloved “If ever any beauty I did see; which I desired, and got it’ was but a dream of thee”
SECTION C;Answer One(1) From This Section!!
The poem addresses the problem of leadership crisis in Africa and the lingering problem of endless search for credible and transparent leader who is brave, courageous, fearless and compassionate and our inability to find any because of lack of trust. In the poem, the animals in the forest don’t trust one another to take up the leadership role of the animal kingdom. “When the zebra says it’s his right to lead/the pack points to the duplicity of his stripes”. “The elephant trudges into power tussle/but its colleagues dread his trampling feet”… Zebra and elephant therefore are not fit enough to rule because they lack good leadership quality despite the fact that facially, they are qualified.
However, it is the same with the African masses who do not trust one another to take over the leadership role of the country. This lack of trust is caused by religious and ethnic diversity wherein an Hausa man prefers to vote or bequeath power to his fellow brother irrespective of the leadership quality possessed by the person, while the Ibo man thinks that it is only his brother who is a Christian and Ibo by tribe, is the only person that is able and capable to lead.
Also, the lion who is the king of the jungle feels that he is competent enough to lead, but the antelope who is a faithful follower remembers his ferocious (violent) nature and how he unleashes it on the weaker animals, he changes his mind towards him. Even hyena and giraffe cannot lead because they are not only visionless but also lack trust.
It is quite evident in this poem and it is responsible for underdevelopment not only in Africa but also in Nigeria. In the poem, the animals are not united enough to challenge the lion who “…stakes his claim to leadership of the pack”. His dominance and ability to lord it over and subdue other animals cannot be properly put to check because the led, that is, the followers, don’t have one voice and cannot also alter their situation. Hyena says he is qualified and credible enough to take the animal kingdom to the next level, but impalas say, he cannot, because of his deadly appetite for dead animal meats. The animals are at one another’s neck as they just can’t agree on whom to choose to lead them. This lack of unity and spirit of oneness among the animals can be likening to the disunity among the African leaders and the masses. This is largely because of the religious and ethnic diversity of the masses, which is responsible for their inability to pick any qualified person among them to rule and team up against the ruling class and wrestle power from them.
Towards the ending of the poem, the persona tries to suggest the likely solution to the problem of disunity among our leaders. “A good leader should be “tough like a tiger, compassionate like a doe / transparent like a river, mysterious like a lake”. With the above-mentioned attribute, a leader can cause a change and unity to strive among the people.
SECTION B;Answer One(1) From This Section!!
Jimmy attacks Alison both verbally and physically throughout the play since his wife reminds him of everything he despises from the beginning. Jimmy verbally attacks Alison and her family members because he wants her to answer a question about an article in the newspaper but Alison defends that she has not read it yet. He humiliates and attacks Alison and her brother, Nigel.
Contrary to Jimmy, Alison does not give any direct reaction against Jimmy’s aggressive behavior. She prefers to maintain silence. She knows that if she gives any reaction to his attack, he will be triumphant. Alison’s silence and seeming ignorance can also be considered as a weapon in order to save her from Jimmy’s assaults. Jimmy not only attack Alison but also other members of her family and her friends. He calls her parents “Militant, arrogant and full of malice”
He labels her friends “sycophantic phlegmatic and of course, top of the bill pusillanimous.
Jimmy also hates Alison’s mother because she is dedicated to her middle classrooms and her concern about her daughter marrying a man beneath her social status that she even hire a detective to watch Jimmy because he does not trust him. This makes him angry at middle-class value. He therefore calls Alison’s mum “old bitch” and she should be dead.
Consequently, Jimmy’s anger against every member of the play can be attributed to his rough and thorny background and his loss of childhood. Jimmy is frail and insecure because he says he was exposed to death, loneliness and pain at a very early age.
Troy whose income cannot even settle his family’s need is busying dragging the family name on the mire.
So, Troy struggles to fulfill his role as a father to his son and husband to his wife. He does not do much before his demise. The family he ruled with Iron hand or hard-handedness is torn apart, as his son; Cory turns against him and also becomes a rebel. After leveling serious criticism on how Troy tormented his life and dreams for a better future, he vows not to attend his funeral.
Cory laments bitterly, Troy’s adulterous act with Alberta also contributes to Troy’s backwardness and family disintegration. The nature of trust between Rose and Troy is broken here, because Rose has vowed never to have anything to do with Troy, especially when the news about Alberta’s pregnancy for “Troy filters in.
To further demonstrate that Rose is an embodiment of unity and family’s rebirth, she tries to convince Cory not to speak despicably against his dead father and to assure him that Troy means well for the family, “Your daddy wanted you to be everything he wasn’t… and at the same time he tried to make you everything he was… he meant to do more good than he meant to do harm” Rose cautions Cory. Troy also sees Rose as a good woman capable of uniting the family when he says…
Also, Rose forgives Troy and accepts to bring up Raynell, that is, the illegitimate daughter of Troy and Alberta who died shortly after child birth in order to promote peace harmony and family integration in Maxsons.
SECTION A:Answer One(1) From This Section!!
In Senehun and Mendeland at large, women are not treated as equals of men. Women are considered fragile, vulnerable and incapable of managing crises. At the beginning of the play when Gbanya drags Yoko into the inner chamber, he claims that he needs Yoko more than her Sande girls. To him, women have no responsibility than to satisfy men’s sexual urge.
Initially, Gbanya has promised Yoko she would be his successor. However, with troubles around, he feels reluctant to handover the throne to her because he believes women cannot handle a land at war. This is the same stance of Lamboi. The excuse he gives for wanting to kill Gbanya is because he does not want the latter to appoint Yoko as his successor.
In Mendeland, women usually are not allowed into the Poro cult. Yoko is the only exception. In the village, there is a certain prejudice held against women. They are considered inferior and except for Yoko who forges ahead, women are not assigned ruling positions.
Play-within-a play is one of the device commonly employed by playwrights in which the characters of a play perform brief dramatic sketches in the course of the play. In this play, it is used as a form of flashback in “The dance of the lost traveler” to enact the experience of the Lagos visitor. Through the play, the audience gains an insight into the ordeal of the Lagos visitor during his first visit who has problems with his car and has to abandon it to continue his exploration on foot.
The second play is dramatized to illustrate how Baroka bribes the surveyor to divert the railway track from llunjunle.
The third play is called “The dance of virility employed to mock Baroka which involves a combination of music, mime, and movement meant to entertain the characters themselves.
Nweze is the first lawyer in Ibuza, and everyone admires him because he’s someone who has tasted what civilization looks like? This time, the people are set to welcome him home. The women of Ibuza are busy composing and rehearsing songs to welcome him from Wharf. Upon his arrival, it is noticeable that he could not swallow pounded yam anymore, he could not even eat a piece of bone. “The meat they cooked for him has to be stewed for days until it was almost a pulp” One good thing that the people respect him for is the fact that he did not bring a white woman with him like the rest of been-to. All Pa’s friends agree with him that he’s a good man because if he had brought a white woman to Ibuza Oboshi would have sent leprosy on the woman.
Lawyer Nweze is a source of inspiration and motivation for Adah. His personality sparks fire that propels. Adah wants to go to the United Kingdom one day, and she keeps the dream to herself, but her dreams soon assume substance. It lives with her, just like a presence.Adah, as a child, likes to be associated with Lawyer Nweze. She even claims to her schoolmates that Lawyer Nweze is her cousin. It is Lawyer Nweze’s story that gives Adah the inspiration to dream of travelling to the United Kingdom one day.
The Ibuza women in Lagos are preparing to welcome Lawyer Nweze back to Nigeria after successfully earning a law degree in the United Kingdom. Humour is one of the aspects of language and style in this novel. An instance is seen in the expression, ‘Going to the United Kingdom must surely be like paying God a visit’. A case of onomatopoeia is seen in the word ‘United Kingdom’ being made to sound like a bomb. Lawyer Nweze is held in awe by the people. He is the first man of Ibuza to have a law degree and from a foreign country. The women have to perm their hair to look European in preparation for the reception. This suggests the influence of western culture on Africans, which is a major consequence of colonisation.
You are to Answer only One From This Section
From its earliest stages, Hareton and Cathy Linton’s relationship is colored by the fact that she can read and he cannot. She drives him away by teasing him about his inability to read, and her decision to teach him to read is what eventually resolves their differences and allows them to love one another. Cathy’s reading lessons can also be seen as rehabilitating Hareton after his unhappy childhood with Heathcliff, who purposely prevented him from learning to read in hopes of getting revenge on Hareton’s father, Hindley. In other words The two overcome their biggest obstacle when Hareton forbids Cathy to speak ill of Heathcliff, and Cathy, with a growing maturity based on love, decides it would only be cruel to persist in trying to make Hareton see that Heathcliff has treated him abominably, realizing that “he was attached by ties stronger than reason could break”. As she watches Hareton and Cathy huddle like innocent, both minds tending to the same point one loving and desiring to esteem, and the other loving and desiring to be esteemed they contrived in the end to reach it”. She sees their eventual union as inevitable, calling it will be “the crown of all my wishes”.
Ras the Extort er (later called Ras the Destroyer)
Ras is a Black Nationalist agitator who considers the black men of the communist party traitors to their race because they are still acting as the white men’s puppets. Ras is an Ethiopia name which means Prince and he is obsessed with the idea of race. As a charismatic leader, he has a kind of God like power in the novel. His guiding philosophy is that blacks should cast off oppression and prejudice by destroying the ability of white men to control them. This philosophy leads to violence and the narrator is opposed to such ideology. The novelist has not in any way portrayed Ras as a villain.
He is depicted as a West Indian and has reminded us of Marcus Garvey, a Jamaican born Black. Nationalist who was influential in 1920s. Like Ras Garvey was a charismatic racial separatist who advocated black pride. Ras is also a visionary leader and a prophet. But because Ras is black, he is perceived as a dangerous militant and rabble-muser whose voice must be silenced. He also possesses powerful oratory skills – he nearly convinces Brother Clifton that he has joined the wrong “Brotherhood” and is selling his people which eventually leads to tragic consequences.
Ras has called his followers to Iynach the narrator as a traitor to the black people and to hang him among the mannequins. But Ras yearns for the narrator’s death, and the narrator runs away.
Res, though a black but he plays a good role in criticizing the odd and wrong done by the blacks to their fellow blacks and thereby trying to promote some good nature and belief of the white.
Nii decides to take his wife, Massa to the spiritualist home as her sickness persists. The caring powder from the spiritualist only stopped the frequent stooling. The journey to the village is quite tempestuous and tiresome. Massa on her part could not make the journey and she passes out in the vehicle. Nii pleads with the driver to convey them to a nearby hospital for medical attention all to no avail. On getting there, Nii is ushered into an office to pay for service at the hospital mortuary. He is to pay the sum of one hundred cedi for each day and it must be increased if the corpse is kept at the mortuary for more than three days Nii’s mind is occupied with so many things such as; the cost of transporting the corpse, the cost of burial, the coffin, clothing and drinks. Nii left the dead body of massa and traveled.
Mama and Joe haven traced Massa to be the late wife of the brother they both convey Massa’s corpse to Sampa village for burial. The procession to the cemetery is a pleasant one. The people in the town gave them warm welcome and appreciate their efforts in bringing Massa’s dead body home. Mama learnt one thing about Massa, she had been an adopted child and had not visited the village for a long time.
It was at the point, they massa was given a befitting burial.
The narrator’s encounter with Kimbro is seen at the liberty paint plant.
The narrator’s entrance to the paint plant is uneventful as he must cross a bridge in the fog, implying that, he is unable to see out around him. The narrator is sent to Mr. Kimbro who will serve as his boss. This man dishes out instructions and also asks the workers not to ask questions. The narrator’s first job is with the pure white paint the company is known for. When the narrator mixes the wrong ingredient into the paint because he is afraid to ask Kimbro questions, the paint turns a dull grey underneath the white. Kimbro notices the difference and he’s fired from the job and he’s sent to another Boss, Mr. Brockway, who has a position in the basement as a sort of engineer. Brockway bombards the narrator with numerous questions about his past before he gives him a job.
It was after the sacked of the Narrator by Kimbro that he had another bad encounter with his new boss and it was at the point of explanation that the new Boss Brockway who explodes in anger at his participation in a union. Brockway physically attacks him, refusing to listen to his explanation. The narrator becomes enraged and fights off Mr. Brockway, knocking his teeth out. As a result of inattention to the gauges in the room, the pressure goes over the allotted mark, the narrator tries to pull the value back under control all to no avail. The tank bursts and the narrator is knocked unconscious.
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